Cabbage Golden Acre 200 Seeds
Brassica oleracea var capitata
Cabbage is a cool-season crop best planted in early spring or mid- to late summer. Cabbage thrives in temperatures between 65°F and 75°F (18-24°C) and can withstand cold temperatures down to 25°F (-4°C).
To grow cabbage where summers are warm, sow seed of a fast-maturing variety in early spring. Where summers are cool, sow seed in mid- to late spring for a fall and early winter harvest. Where summers are very warm or hot, sow seed in midsummer for a late fall and winter harvest.
There are many varieties of cabbage to choose from—savoy, looseleaf, ballhead, red, green, purple, or white. Some varieties mature quickly, others take longer. Some are suited for warm regions, others can withstand freezing winters.
Cabbage matures in 65 to 100 days depending on the variety.
Sowing and Planting Tips:
- Start cabbage from seed or transplants.
- Seed is viable for 4 years.
- Start seeds indoors 6 to 4 weeks before the last frost or 12 to 10 weeks before the first frost in autumn for a fall or winter crop.
- Start seeds in individual pots or flats.
- Sow seed ¼ to ½ (6-8 mm) inch deep in seed-starting mix.
- Keep the mix moist but not wet.
- Seeds should germinate in 5 to 8 days at an optimal temperature of 77°F (25°C) or thereabouts.
- Transplant seedlings into the garden when they 4 to 6 inches (10-15 cm) tall with 2- to 4-leaves and after daytime temperatures reach 50°F (10°C); firm transplants into the soil by hand.
- Cabbage prefers a soil pH range of 6.0 to 7.5; a pH of 7.2 to 7.5 is best if clubroot disease has been a problem in the past.
- When transplanting out seedlings set them deeper than they grew in pots or flats.
- Grow cabbage in full sun for best yield—tolerates partial shade.
- Add 3- to 4- inches (7-10 cm) of compost and well-aged manure into planting bed, before transplanting; cabbage needs friable, moisture-holding soil.
- Avoid planting where cabbage family crops have grown recently.
- Space plants 12 to 24 inches (30-60 cm) apart.
- Space rows 24-42 inches (60-106 cm) apart.
- Protect the seedlings from cold for 2 to 3 weeks after planting covering them with a cloche or plastic tunnel or cold frame.
- Fertilize with an organic fertilizer such as fish emulsion at half strength.
Earliest round headed variety for summer growing.
Sow early spring and autumn. 58-78 days.